Papyrus Corner:

Papyrus is made from the stem of the plant. The outer rind is first stripped off, and the sticky fibrous inner pith is cut lengthwise into thin strips of about 40 cm long. The strips are then plaPicture of blank papyrus in sheets and rollsced side by side on a hard surface with their edges slightly overlapping, and then another layer of strips is laid on top at a right angle. The strips may have been soaked iPicture of old papyrus with sciptsn water long enough for decomposition to begin, perhaps increasing adhesion, but this is not certain. While still moist, the two layers are hammered together, mashing the layers into a single sheet. The sheet is then dried under pressure. After drying, the sheet of papyrus is polished with some rounded object, possibly a stone or seashell or round hard wood. Read More..

Ancient Egyptian use Papyrus for making light boats, slippers, sandals, mats, baskets, and most of all paper sheets and rolls. Sheets of papyrus were often stuck together to form long rolls (scrolls) for lengthy documents like Books of the Dead. Documents written on papyrus are known as papyri. Although they are made from a plant, the very dry climate of Egypt has meant that many examples of papyri have survived from the past. Picture of a papyrus with Kingtut mask in colorsThe oldest example of a roll of papyrus (without writing) dates to about 2985 BC, and the oldest written papyrus document comes from about 2495 BC.

Because of its importance, papyrus paper making was a state monopoly in Egypt and the method of its production was a closely guarded secret. Many efforts were made in various parts of the Mediterranean to find local substitute for papyrus sheets thus we find that clay and wax tables, lead sheets and parchment were all used as writing materials by different peoples. However, all these materials proved to be inferior, in one respect or another, to papyrus, which remained the primary writing material in Egypt.

The modern technique of papyrus production used in Egypt for the tourist trade was developed in 1962 by the Egyptian engineer Hassan Ragab using plants that had been reintroduced into Egypt in 1872 from France. Both Sicily and Egypt have centres of limited papyrus production.
Picture of Nefertiti head and Kingtut mask on a papyrus
Papyrus is still used by communities living in the vicinity of swamps, to the extent that rural householders derive up to 75% of their income from swamp goods (Maclean et al. 2003b; c). Particularly in East and Central Africa, people harvest papyrus, which is used to manufacture items that are sold or used locally. Examples include baskets, hats, fish traps, trays or winnowing mats and floor mats. Papyrus is also used to make roofs, ceilings, rope and fences, or as fuel (Maclean 2003c). Although increasingly, alternatives such as eucalyptus are available, papyrus is still used as fuel. Read More..
Picture of a papyrus with Quran versus
In modern times Papyrus is still used in Egypt frequently to make souvenirs that attracts tourists and natives. It is used to make portraits of Ancient Egyptians and for displayable versus of the Qu'ran. Contemprary Egyptian papyrus shop will give you a quick demonstration show on how to make the papyrus. Papyrus with the original painting of Egyptian painters will be extremely expensive, could reach a thousand dollar for the big size. Small ordinary painted papyrus will cost a tourist about $10-20.

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