Brass Corner.

Brass is any alloy of copper and zinc (tin); the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties. When the two metals are alloyed there is a high increase in hardness and sharpness of the metal. The melting temperature is 1,005 ° C (copper alone is 1,083 ° C). Copper was the most common metal for everyday use in ancient Egypt. Egyptian copper Pictue of egyptian brass uteinsilswas especially hard because of its natural content of arsenic. Copper is probably the first metal to be worked in Egypt during the Neolithic (6th millennium BCE). The oldest Egyptian copper artifacts, including beads and small tools, date to the early 4th millennium BC. No proven records as to where was the copper extracted from; some claims it was extracted from ore, and others from malachite, which is abundant in Egypt.

Various objects seem to have been somewhat common by the Old Kingdom. Notably, a copperfigure of Pepi I found at Hierakonpolis also survives from the Old Kingdom. 

Copper also became a measure used for common exchange in ancient Egypt. Though rarely changing hands, it was used as an equivalent, within a system of barter. Perhaps as early as the Middle Kingdom, the values of commodities such as bread, beer, clothing and just about every other item available for trade had their values expressed in comparable units based on the weight of metals such as copper.
Picture of Pepi cooper statuteOres containing about 10 to 12% copper were mined and melted in the eastern desert and in the Sinai during ancient times. The Wadi Maghara region was conquered by Djoser and exploitation of theore seems to have begun during the third dynasty, though some experts claim there was never enough copper there to be exploited. There are traces of copper working at Buhen dating from the 4th and 5th dynasties. The ore in the Eastern Desert became available to the Egyptians during the Middle Kingdom. The copper mines in the Sinai desert were the aim of the first major Egyptian forays abroad and an important reason for imperial expansion into southern Canaan later. Since the 18th dynasty Egypt controlled this deserted region, thus breaking the monopoly the town of Arad had exercised over the locally extracted copper.

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